AFP – Key developments in Egypt since the 2011 revolt that led to the overthrow of former president Hosni Mubarak after 30 years in power:
– 2011 –
- 25 January: Massive protests erupt, after a revolt topples Tunisia’s ruler. About 850 people die in unrest over 18 days.
- 11 February: Mubarak resigns and hands power to the army which suspends the constitution and dissolves parliament.
- 19 March: Egyptians widely approve a new constitution.
- 8 October: Clashes kill 30 people, most of them Coptic Christians.
- 24 November: Week-long clashes between police and anti-military demonstrators leave 42 dead.
- 28 November: Egypt holds the first stage of its first post-revolt parliamentary election. Islamists win about two-thirds of the seats, half of which go to the Muslim Brotherhood.
– 2012 –
- 1 February: Riots kill 74 people after a Port Said football match.
- 31 May: The army lifts the state of emergency which has been in force for 30 years.
- 24 June: Mohamed Morsi wins the presidential election with 51.7% of the vote, becoming Egypt’s first civilian and Islamist ruler.
- 12 August: Morsi scraps a constitutional document which allowed the military legislative powers.
- 22 November: Morsi decrees wide new powers for himself but annuls it on December 8 after massive protests and clashes.
- 15 and 22 December: 64% of voters in the two-round referendum back the new constitution, after a vote which the opposition says is tainted.
– 2013 –
- 24 January: Violence erupts on the eve of the second anniversary of the 2011 uprising. At least 60 people die in a week.
- 2 June: Egypt’s highest court invalidates the Islamist-dominated Shura Council.
- 3 July: The military ousts Morsi after massive protests against his one-year rule, and freeze the Islamist-drafted constitution. Morsi speaks of a “coup”.
- 14 August: Security forces move on pro-Morsi protest camps in Cairo, killing hundreds. A month-long state of emergency is declared.
- 22 August: Mubarak comes out of jail after 28 months in detention.
- 23 September: A court bans all Brotherhood activities.
- 6 October: Nearly 60 people are killed when security forces crack down on Morsi supporters marching towards Cairo’s Tahrir Square.
- 4 November: Morsi goes on trial for alleged involvement in the killings of opposition protesters.
- 24 November: Egypt adopts a law giving authorities the power to ban protests.
- 14 December: Officials say a referendum on a constitution reinforcing the army’s political role will be held on 14-15 January. Morsi supporters say they will boycott it.
- 24 December: A car bomb rips through a police building in Mansoura, north of Cairo, killing 15 people. Al-Qaeda-inspired group based in the Sinai, Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis, claims responsibility.
- 25 December: The government declares the Brotherhood a terrorist organisation.
– 2014 –
- 3 January: At least 17 people die in clashes as police disperse thousands of protesters demanding Morsi’s reinstatement.