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Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan sign agreement on GERD - Daily News Egypt

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Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan sign agreement on GERD

The agreement addressed ways to enforce, execute declaration of principles singed by presidents of the three countries last March

Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan signed an agreement Tuesday regarding the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) highlighting the importance of the declaration of principles previously signed by the three leaders of the countries.

Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said the new agreement addressed the main concerns of the three countries, including the concerns of the Egyptian people.

Shoukry said signing the “Al-Khatoum Document” was a result of the “trust and transparency” between the three states during negotiations. The document also confirms that all the technical studies must be carried out within the next eight months.

Both Ethiopia and Sudan dealt with the situation with the same trust and commitment, according to Shoukry.

Meanwhile, Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour said the document includes all the issues of importance for the three countries and that each legal document signed is binding.

Foreign Minister Spokesperson Ahmed Abu Zaid told local media that the agreement addresses the technical aspects of the dam since the three sides agreed to appoint a new French company, Arterlia, to conduct the technical studies alongside another French company, BRL group.

The agreement also addressed ways to enforce and execute the declaration of principles singed by the presidents of the three countries last March.

This declaration emphasised the principles of cooperation, development, regional integration and sustainability, mitigating significant damage, exchanging information, and building trust. The three countries confirmed their commitments to these principles.

However, Abu Zaid said this agreement is not the end of the negotiations and the three delegations agreed to hold further meetings to build more trust. “The situation today is better than before,” he told a local TV channel.

Advisor to the Minister of Irrigation Alaa Yassin told local media the three countries agreed to hold a meeting for the technical delegations on 3 and 4 January. Ethiopia will organise a field visit for both Egyptian and Sudanese officials to build trust.

The next meeting will be held in the first week of February to continue the joint work.

The Egyptian technical delegation, headed by Egyptian Minister of Irrigation Hossam Al-Moghazy, left the negotiations early in Khartoum between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan without reaching any agreements.

Abu Zaid said the delegation left early to Cairo to attend the launch of the million acre project in the Farafra Oasis. The departure of the minister does not signify his withdrawal from the negotiations.

A new round of talks between Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia started Tuesday after two weeks of postponing to settle the disagreements over the construction of GERD. The current round of talks followed up on discussions that began earlier in December but failed to reach a common agreement. The representatives of the three countries agreed Monday to hold another meeting in two weeks to resolve disagreements and reach a solution.

Ethiopia has also reportedly agreed to hold a technical meeting next week to discuss the Egyptian suggestion of increasing the number of gates of GERD to ensure a rise in the amount of water passing downstream.

On Saturday, Ethiopia announced it began the diversion of the Blue Nile, which was perceived by some experts as a sign that it will complete the construction of the dam regardless of the current meetings.

However, Al-Moghazy denied its link to GERD’s technical details and said it was a “normal step”. “Egypt is trying to build on the steps previously taken and preserve the declaration of principles between the three countries,” Shoukry said during the meeting Monday.

The main point of debate was Ethiopia’s plans to store water inside the dam over the next five years, which it claims will not affect the other two countries. However, Egypt has been pushing for delays of this move until the technical studies on the dam’s effects on downstream countries were completed.

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  • James Madison

    This is a testament to the hard work, cooperation, and trust
    among these three brotherly countries. We can overcome any challenge that is thrown our way and ensure that our mutual development and economic integration is
    assured. Hats off to the negotiating teams and all their efforts.

    • Alula Shocking Egypt

      We must finish Egypt. There can never be mutual development with Islamicists. you are cheating yourself. the best deal for Ethiopia is no deal. Any deal is a bad deal for Ethiopia,specially by the track recorded traitor TPLF leadership, specifically the traitor and banda FM TA. .

  • Alula Shocking Egypt

    We will kill FM TA

  • Y.A.Daniel

    we are now in 21st century …Egyptian peoples and Government specially the Egyptian media should know and believe accepting that Ethiopia has right to use her own resources of water for benefits their peoples with considering with the other countries those only dependent life on our recourse too ! the claim must be for survival bases not for sales of water to the others third country and unfair distribution ….we know Nile are transiting to Sinai desert as clearly seen Google earth …….Egyptian has wrong believe about Ethiopia that seeing under estimating ….this approach may harm future relation ship that may be forced to take action like Turkey what did cross boarder river…. war is not a solution we both are boarding in the boat together to achieve our mutual survivals goals… we both has 90 millions people….. by own water you can not say us to stay in hunger and poverty at least we are saying let we eat food 3 times as like your peoples….. even since the water are ours….we Ethiopians right now are the most aggressive for coming out of extremes poverty….if you entrapped this peoples movement, believe me you will loose it in total ….we will survive together or we will sink together ! this are the future reality ….you need wise political leaders and Mass media ….

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