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Egypt: three years of unrest

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Key developments in Egypt

AFP –  Key developments in Egypt, where three bomb attacks Friday targeting police killed five people on the eve of the anniversary of the 2011 uprising that toppled president Hosni Mubarak:

– 2011 –

In a series of photos taken on 27 January 2011, demonstrators in the port city of Alexandria dismantle the image Hosni Mubarak (AFP Photo)

In a series of photos taken on 27 January 2011, demonstrators in the port city of Alexandria dismantle the image Hosni Mubarak (AFP Photo)

 

- 25 January: Massive protests erupt, after a revolt topples Tunisia’s ruler. About 850 people die in unrest over 18 days.

- 11 February: Mubarak resigns after 30 years in power and hands power to the army which suspends the constitution and dissolves parliament.

- 28 November: Egypt holds the first stage of its first post-revolt parliamentary election. Islamists win about two-thirds of the seats, half of which go to the Muslim Brotherhood.

 

– 2012 –

President Mohamed Morsi greeting the nation after winning presidential elections on 30 June 2012  (AFP Photo)

President Mohamed Morsi greeting the nation after winning presidential elections on 30 June 2012 (AFP Photo)

 

- 30 June: Mohamed Morsi wins the presidential election with 51.7 percent of the vote, becoming Egypt’s first civilian and Islamist ruler.

- 12 August: Morsi scraps a constitutional document which allowed the military legislative powers.

- 15 and 22 December: 64 percent of voters in a two-round referendum back the new constitution, but opposition groups claim the poll was tainted.

 

– 2013 –

Rabaa sit in dispersal (Photo by Mohamed Gamil/DNE)

Rabaa sit in dispersal on 14 August 2013 (Photo by Mohamed Gamil/DNE)

 

- 24 January: Violence erupts on the eve of the second anniversary of the 2011 uprising. At least 60 people die in a week.

- 3 July: The military ousts Morsi after massive protests against his one-year rule, and freeze the Islamist-drafted constitution. Morsi calls it a “coup”.

- 14 August: Security forces move against pro-Morsi protest camps in Cairo, killing hundreds. A month-long state of emergency is declared.

- 22 August: Mubarak comes out of jail after 28 months in detention.

- 6 October: Nearly 60 people are killed when security forces crack down on Morsi supporters marching towards Cairo’s Tahrir Square.

- 4 November: Morsi goes on trial for alleged involvement in the killings of opposition protesters.

- 24 December: A car bomb rips through a police building in Mansoura, north of Cairo, killing 15 people. An Al-Qaeda-inspired group based in the Sinai, Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis, claims responsibility.

- 25 December: The government declares the Brotherhood a terrorist organisation.

 

– 2014 –

Cairo Security Directorate explosion on 24 January 2014 (Photo by Mohamed Omar)

Cairo Security Directorate explosion on 24 January 2014 (Photo by Mohamed Omar)

 

- 14-15 January: Egyptian voters approve a new constitution by a vote of 98.1 percent, with turnout reaching 38.6 percent of 53 million registered voters.

- 24 January: A massive suicide bomb hits the Cairo police headquarters, the first of three blasts in the Egyptian capital, kills four people and wounds more than 70. Hours later a police conscript dies when a makeshift bomb explodes near a police car. No casualties are reported from a third bombing outside a police station on the Giza pyramids road.


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